Gangotri is a town and a Nagar Panchayat in Uttarkashi district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. It is a Hindu pilgrim town on the banks of the river Bhagirathi and origin of River Ganges. It is on the Greater Himalayan Range, at a height of 3,100 metres
Gangotri is a small town centered around the temple of Gangotri temple and is one of the holy places among the four Char Dhams. It is the highest and the most important temple of river Ganga which is worshiped as a Goddess in India.
The origin of the holy river is at Gaumukh, set in the Gangotri glacier that can be accessed by a short 19 km trek from Gangotri. But according to Hindu mythology, Gangotri is the place where river Ganga descended from heaven when Lord Shiva released the mighty river from his luscious locks.
The Ganges is the sacred river of India believed to have descended to earth to absolve the sins of human beings and this is the reason why the Gangotri basin bears so much of importance, especially for Hindu devotees. Being the place of origin of this sacred river, Gangotri in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand is recognized as a holy place for the Hindu pilgrims and is given the name of Shri Gangotri Dham where the shrine of Goddess Ganga is worshipped by thousands. This 18th-century temple made of white granite is situated at a height of 3000 m and is the part of the Chota Chardham Yatra in the Land of Gods, Uttarakhand.
A natural submerged rock in the form of partial Shivlinga along the Gangotri Temple is believed to be the same spot where Lord Shiva entangled the great waves of river Ganges in his matted locks. The tiny town sits quietly by the gurgling River Bhagirathi that originates from Gaumukh, a few trekkable kilometers away. Gangotri apart from being a sacred pilgrimage destination is also a base for several important treks including Gaumukh-Tapovan in Uttarakhand.